South Swan Hills CO2 Injection Project
This project plan is concerned with the quantification of emission reductions for only the South Swan Hills Unit CO2 Injection project. In 2008, Penn West initiated the South Swan Hills injection project to test CO2 injection for enhanced oil recovery (EOR), due to the large volume of unrecovered oil that was contained in the Swan Hills, Beaverhill Lake oil fields. The purpose of the project was to test if CO2-EOR was an economically viable recovery strategy to maximize oil production rates.
The Shell Scotford upgrader's waste gas stream, which was historically emitted to the atmosphere, was captured and piped to Air Liquide, who processed the gas into liquid CO2. The liquid CO2 was then trucked to the South Swan Hills Unit site for EOR activities. This offset project has been quantified using the approved Quantification Protocol for Enhanced Oil Recovery, October 2007 ("the Protocol"). The opportunity for generating carbon offsets with this protocol arises from the direct and indirect reductions of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions resulting from the geological storage of waste gas streams containing greenhouse gases as part of enhanced oil recovery activities.
Enhanced Oil Recovery
South Swan Hills field, near Whitecourt, Alberta
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